What is the stock market:
Due to the decrease in interest rates on deposits,
most Russians turn their attention to buying valuable
papers. Statistics show that more than 3.5 million citizens are already
opened brokerage accounts. But not everyone fully understands what it is
the stock market and how it works. This is the conclusion I made,
analyzing the flow of questions and comments. To clarify
situations, wrote this article to help novice investors.
Stock market, what is this "beast"
In simple words, this is a specialized place where they trade
three main assets:
2 Shares of companies.
3 Shares of mutual funds (mutual funds).
The stock market dates back to 1556. Exactly then
the first exchange was opened, where they traded bills - debt
papers. In the Russian Empire, there was also a market for valuable
papers, but only until 1917. Only in 1991 he began his
development in modern Russia. At that time there were more
800 exchanges. By this number, the Russian Federation ranked first in the world. On
today the main trading platform is considered
Moscow Exchange ranked 22nd in the world.
In addition to the stock, there are also commodity (commodity), currency and
derivatives markets. The difference between the stock and all the others - with
buying securities, the investor becomes the holder of the asset
a certain company for an unlimited time. On urgent
market, you buy not a part of the asset, but the opportunity to buy
selling something in the future, at a fixed price at the time
making a deal. The foreign exchange market is engaged in trading
currency of different countries, commodity - trades in contacts for delivery
raw materials (agricultural direction, minerals
How does he work
There are certain rules. They control time
transactions, regulate settlements among participants,
the procedure for holding tenders and admission to them.
There are four participants in the market:
1 Companies issuing securities - issuers.
2 Intermediaries between the exchange and investors are brokers . They
provide an opportunity for people to participate in the bidding.
3 Exchanges and depositories - provide work with assets and
with investors' money.
4 Persons who buy or sell securities -
investors and traders (traders).
All this "kitchen" is controlled by the Central Bank of the state. In the Russian Federation, it is
the central bank of Russia. He is supervisory and
the regulatory body, establishes
monitors their observance.